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You may have seen photos of lush, green gardens in tiny home and wondered how it is possible. The answer is hydroponics, an innovative method of growing plants without the need for soil. Even if you have yet to gain prior knowledge on hydroponics, this post will guide you through the essentials of cultivating a thriving garden in your compact living space.
What is Hydroponics?
Hydroponics is a method of growing plants using a nutrient-rich water solution instead of soil. The plants are supported in an inert medium, such as rockwool, perlite, or coconut coir, which allows the roots to access the nutrients they need to grow. This technique has become increasingly popular for urban gardeners and those with limited space because it allows for efficient use of resources and optimized growth conditions.
Why Hydroponics for a Tiny House?
Hydroponics is ideal for tiny houses due to its efficiency. This method of growing utilizes a fraction of the water and space compared to traditional soil-based gardening, enabling gardeners in small living spaces to achieve maximum crop yields without taking up too much area.
Additionally, hydroponically grown plants are not prone to the same diseases and pests as soil-grown plants, making it a safer and more sustainable option for tiny house gardeners.
Now that we have covered the basics of hydroponics let’s discuss some helpful tips to grow plants in your tiny house successfully.
5 Tips to Grow Plants in Your Tiny House
Choose the Right Hydroponic System
Several hydroponic systems are available, each with advantages and disadvantages. Here are the most common types:
- Nutrient Film Technique (NFT)
- Ebb and Flow (Flood and Drain)
- Deep Water Culture (DWC)
- Wick system
- Drip systems
Research which system best suits your needs and space limitations. Consider factors such as ease of use, maintenance, plant type, and available space. You can use our previous posts on each hydroponic system. Below listed are some of them.
Ebb and Flow
DIY Ebb And Flow Hydroponic System
How to Set Up DIY Deep Water Culture (DWC) Hydroponic System?
How Deep Water Culture (DWC) Hydroponic System Works?
The Different Types of Growing Mediums for DWC (Deep Water Culture)
10 Tips for the Deep Water Culture (DWC) Hydroponics Systems (DIY)
The Difference Between Kratky and DWC Hydroponic Systems
Maximize Your Space
Utilizing vertical space is key to growing hydroponics in compact living spaces. Use shelves, hanging containers, or vertical garden systems to maximize your growing area. Be creative and repurpose everyday items like shoe organizers or gutter planters to create a unique indoor garden.
Select Appropriate Plants
Choose plants that thrive in hydroponic systems and suit your available space. Good options for compact living spaces include leafy greens, herbs, and small fruiting plants like strawberries or cherry tomatoes. Avoid plants with extensive root systems or those that require large amounts of space to grow.
Manage Nutrient Levels
Proper nutrient management is crucial for successful hydroponic gardening. Invest in a nutrient solution specifically formulated for hydroponics and follow the recommended mixing instructions. Regularly monitor and adjust pH levels to maintain an optimal range, typically between 5.5-6.5.
Optimize Lighting Conditions
Most hydroponic plants require 12 to 18 hours of artificial light per day. Make sure to choose suitable grow lights, such as LED, and adjust the distance and duration according to the plants’ needs. Regularly rotate plants to ensure even light exposure and avoid overcrowding to prevent shading and potential disease issues.
Few Tricks to Overcome Common Challenges
Here are a few tricks to help you overcome some common challenges faced when growing hydroponics in a tiny home:
- Use reflective materials, like Mylar or aluminum foil, to increase light efficiency in your growing area.
- Regularly clean and maintain your hydroponic system to reduce the risk of pests and diseases.
- Install automated systems, such as timers for lights, pumps, and nutrient delivery, to ensure consistent growing conditions and ease the maintenance process.
If you are looking to buy any hydroponic systems or any equipment you can select the best one suited for you.
- Deep Water Culture (DWC) system
- Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) system
- Drip System related equipment
- Ebb & Flow (Flood and drain) control system
- Kratky system
- Aeroponic system and towers
- Grow lights
- Air pump & Air stone
- Water pump
- Net cups
Embrace the power of hydroponics in your tiny home to create a self-sustaining space tailored to your unique tastes and lifestyle. With the right system, proper maintenance, and a few insider secrets, you can grow fresh produce year-round in a compact living environment. Enjoy the fruits of your labor with healthy and delicious meals made from your own indoor garden!
Thank you for reading!